All posts by Dave Carroll

John Wayne Gacy Murder Cases

John Wayne Gacy Murder Cases Introduction To many of those who knew him, John Wayne Gacy was a devoted, religious, and hardworking family man. His generosity made him host neighbors, friends, and children whom he entertained under the under the disguise of a clown called Pogo. However, the image he put out for people to see was different from his true nature as it was later established that he was behind the deaths of 33 young males and children (Whittington-Egan, 2008). It is with such information that this paper studies and analyzes the murders conducted by John Wayne in a bid to find out the possible psychological explanations behind them. In addition to giving detailed information about John Wayne, the paper analyzes the behavioral variables that he possessed, his modus operandi, and repetitive patterns evident in his criminal acts.
Behavioral Variables and Modus Operandi From all the retrieved bodies buried by John Wayne, one of the trends that were quickly established was that all of his victims were young men and boys. Deeper investigation into these young men and boys found that he had promised to give all of them work in his contracting company. With such a promise, it was easy for him to lure them into his house where he would drug, rape, and eventually, kill them. Underwear or a sock was held down the throats of the boys to muffle the screams that they would make when he was raping them (Whittington-Egan, 2008). Finally, he would use a rope or a board to strangle them to death.
Police investigations revealed that he left the bodies of the dead victims lying in bed for several days before burying them in a crawlspace. During the initial police investigation, Wayne had buried 27 of his victims beneath the floor borders while further investigation revealed that there were other bodies in the river and around the property (Linedecker, 2013).
Serial killers have a signature way of doing things, and John Wayne was not different from them. From the research conducted regarding the people he had killed, it was established that he had been able to create a friendship relationship with them. John wanted his victims to bring themselves into a trap that he laid for them. It is the reason he became friends with them. By promising them job opportunities, Gacy was able to befriend himself to his victims (Linedecker, 2013). It is with such friendship that made them not resist the idea of visiting his home where he would rape, kill and subsequently bury them.
Repetitive Patterns Evident In Criminal Acts Sexual assault was one of one of the repetitive patterns established in the criminal acts performed by Wayne (Linedecker, 2013). In Iowa Jaycee, the area where John and his family lived, rumors about Gacy’s sexual preferences started circulating.
Many of the people who knew him said that it was hard for him to conceal his deep affection for boys. There were further rumors that he had tried seducing several boys from the area.
These allegations were proven true in 1968 by Black Hawt County’s grand jury that found him guilty of performing the act of sodomy of a young teenage boy called Mark Miller.
He did agree to having sex with the boy but vehemently denied the allegations the rape allegations. Even though he was handed a ten-year prison sentence for the act, he received a parole two years later.
His liking for boys made him rape his victims prior to killing them. It is imperative to note that there were those people whom he raped and failed to kill them.
John Gacy was able to conceal carefully the bodies of those he killed. Although it was not until 1978 that it became known of John’s cases of murdering people, it is reported that it was in 1972 that he started killing people (Amirante & Broderick, 2011). He had successfully managed to execute the killing of over 30 young boys before the authorities realized it. It was not until the disappearance of Robert Piest’s that Wayne went under the scrutiny of the police. The police investigating Robert’s disappearance were the ones responsible for establishing that Wayne was responsible for killing 33 young men and boys; majority of whom buried under his garage and house. A repetitive pattern that can be identified from these killings is that he was careful in his undertaking.
Soon after the bodies of his victims were retrieved, the authorities were able to establish that all the victims were of a young age. It is easy to presume that he went for the young boys as it was easy for him to target them. He would manipulate these young children with his popular line being the promise of getting them a job at his company (Amirante & Broderick, 2011). Wayne set a trap for his victims by inviting them to his house, a tactic that made it easy for him to have time to perform acts such as rape to them before killing them.
Psychological Explanation to the Killings There are different components that can be witnessed about a serial killer from the analysis of John Wayne murder cases. Abuse, mental illness, and an injury to the brain can make an individual turn out to be a serial killer. In his young days, John was victim of abuse, particularly from his biological father who when drunk physically abused him alongside his sisters and mothers (Amirante & Broderick, 2011). There is one incident where he was badly hit on the head to the point of losing consciousness. In addition, his father regularly hurled demeaning insults to him in front of his sisters.
The other form of abuse that Gacy was subjected to was the sexual abuse that he received from a friend of his family. It is from being molested by a fellow man that made him doubt his sexuality (Amirante & Broderick, 2011). This is evident from the fact that he used to sleep with boys even though he was married and had kids. Even though he was a straight person, the sexual abuse he received at his young age made him result into wanting to sleep with a person of similar sex. It is easy to assume that had he not being sexually abused by a man at an early age, he would not have sexually assaulted his victims.
The other factor that might drive people to become serial killers such as John is brain injury (Linedecker, 2013). Any injury to the brain impairs an individual’s thinking and; thus, the reason why serial killers are able to perform such acts. At the age of 11, Gacy was hit by a swing as he played on a swing set. Although the accident occurred at 11, it was not until he was 16 years of age that doctors discovered that he had suffered blood clot in the brain following the accident. The undiscovered blood clot was the reason behind his regular blackouts.
The other possible explanation of Wayne’s behavior of raping and killing young boys is the mental problems that he was going through. In the course of his trial, the prosecutor requested that psychologists evaluate his mental state following some of the bizarre behavior that he possessed.
For instance, the court was shocked to know that he had killed one of his victims while talking on the phone. His defense team argued that a sane person would not do such a thing and; thus, the confusion on whether he was mentally sane.
More than 300 hours were used investigating his soundness of mind and although his defense team tried putting across to the judges that he had personality disorder, the prosecutors stood by their belief that he was fit for trial.
During one of the case proceedings, Gacy’s lawyer tried to convince the court that he was not fit for trial as he in the paranoid schizophrenic category due to his multiple personality disorder (Sullivan & Maiken, 2011).
In one bizarre event at the court, John Wayne told the investigators that the victims an alternate personality was responsible for the deaths that occurred. Such mental problem provoked Gacy into killing innocent young boys and burying them in his house.
The fact that John had been found to be of sane mind following vigorous tests by experts made the court decide to have his brain removed for further investigation soon after he was executed (Sullivan & Maiken, 2011). The reason for this was to establish common personality traits in killers violent as John Wayne. An intriguing revelation that came out of the research conducted on his brain showed no abnormalities in the characteristics that make up serial killers.
Conclusion In conclusion, John Wayne Gacy is one of the most violent serial killers to have ever been persecuted. Known as a family, God-fearing and generous man, it was impossible for the people who knew him to believe he could conduct such acts.
Like most cases of serial killers, an investigation into the killings performed by Gacy revealed several repetitive patterns (Linedecker, 2013). One of these patterns was that his victims were young boys who were in need of a job opportunity.
Wayne would lure them to his house under the disguise of trying to fix them at a place in his contracting company. In addition, all his victims would be sexually assaulted before they would be killed.
The analysis of the Gacy’s murdr cases reveals some of the aspects that push people into becoming serial killers. Similar to many serial killers, John had a bad past as he was regularly abused by his own father.
His father used to beat him up alongside with his other family members. The sexual abuse he received from a family friend is the reason why he became uncertain of his sexuality and thus raped his victims before killing them.

Online learning

Online learning has been accepted for its increase of access to higher learning more so for the people that do not have the time or finances to access fulltime learning environment. Consequently, the advent of online learning has led to closer realization of higher education learning goals in the country. In line with the rest of the universities in the country, Florida University has developed an online learning option to conventional learning which is intended for the working and elderly students. While online learning has been lauded for the increased access to education, its classes ought to be paired with face to face sessions geared at increment of the interaction and experiential learning from each other.
Online learner’s often learning seclusion from their fellow students. Even when there is interaction, it is often conducted through the discussion boards whereby the students cannot put a face to the different handles that they interact with in the discussion platforms. Consequently, the online learning platform has been incapable of increasing the same type of learning that has been experienced traditionally in the conventional classes (Condie and Livingston 344). Increasing the chances of interaction can result in better inclusion whereby the students will make important memories and have similar experiences to those of the students in the traditional learning modules.
In addition to formal learning, colleges and universities are ideal locations of networking. It is imperative that the students in online classes have the more conventional forms of networking as opposed to the online platform.
Networking makes up an important variable of the ability of the student to prosper in the future career and endeavors. As a result, the online learning class ought to be allowed the chance to network and make connections that they will later use in life when they are operationalizing their education.
Networking is a major reason why the online class at the university ought to be allowed the chance to meet and create connections for the future professions. In as much as one could argue that online learning can result in alternative forms of networking, the online classes may be disadvantaged since human relations are mainly based on face to face encounters as opposed to digital connections (Condie and Livingston 338).
The network made of people who just met online may be short lived compared to the networks where people meet through the face to face interactions. The reason behind this statement is that the online relations or interactions are more likely to be exaggerated compared to the face to face interactions that allow the participants to relate to each other and understand their main connection.
Online students rarely get to use the physical resources at the institution apart from the library. Since the students have paid for the resources, it is only fair for them to have a chance to use them in their appointed manner (Stansfield, McLellan, and Connolly 177). The meetings can be a starting point towards the utilization of the physical resources that are available in the school. Meetings can be held in the social halls and the lecture halls with the main aim being discussions and interaction.
Online students ought to meet in face to face scenarios held in the school in order for them to be part of the college culture. Often online students learn in seclusion whereby they are islands. If the school were to organize the face to face interactions, the students will be capable of interacting with each other and soak in the culture in the campus (Rovai and Jordan 1). These interactions will increase the chances of interaction.
In conclusion, online learning students in the university ought to be accorded the chance to interact with each other. These interactions will ensure that the students take in the college culture, form actionable networks and enjoy the facilities in the school. Eventually, the interactions will increase the chances of inclusion for the students.

Report: Personal Leadership Development Plan back to top

Report: Personal Leadership Development Plan back to top
Value: 40%
Due Date: 12-Oct-2018
Return Date: 02-Nov-2018
Length: 3000 words (-/-10qo)
Submission method options: Alternative submission method
This task begins as part of Week 1 and continues throughout the course, leading to the development of a personal leadership development plan (PLOP).
Leadership Self-insight: Every week you were asked to do a short self-assessment quiz from your text. You were asked to reflect carefully on the outcome of each quiz and to identify some practical actions you can take to improve your own leadership ability. The objective of this exercise was to help you to build self-awareness and identify leadership attributes that represent strengths and weaknesses and opportunities to improve. You were expected to go beyond your own leadership development needs and consider future challenges you or your organisation could face. What leadership skills would you need to address these challenges? You were also asked to discuss this issue with an experienced colleague and/or mentor.
PLOP requirements:
1. Bring together the outcomes from your leadership self-insight quizzes (700 words).
Interpret the results of the self-insight quizzes. You need to do this holistically and see how the insights from individual quizzes can be comprehensively presented. Consider the implications for leaders in
today’s complex and turbulent environments. Acknowledge sources as required.
The purpose of this step is to gather information on your key leadership strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for improvement that you need to present as part of your PLOP.
2. Provide a succinct summary of your key strengths and weaknesses (300 words)
Include a brief summary of your key leadership strengths and weaknesses at the beginning of your plan (based the outcomes of your leadership self-insight quizzes). This can help to link your developmental
objectives and actions with your developmental needs. It is also a useful communication mechanism when you discuss your plan with a supervisor or mentor.
3. Assess the need for more information on your behaviours (300 words)
You may decide at this point that you need additional information from your colleagues on your strengths and weaknesses as a leader, rather than rely solely on the outcomes of reflection and self-assessment exercises. There are several options for doing this: causal conversations, informal interviews, previous performance evaluations. Consider how your perceptions of yourself are similar/different from the perception of your colleagues.
4.Articulate your vision for developing as a leader (25-50 words)
In one sentence, describe your aspiration as a developing leader. For example, you may wish ‘to be a leader who is ethical, collaborative and continuously learning:
5.Specify your developmental objectives (125-150 words)
Write down your developmental objectives. These should be specific and written in a way that allows progress to be measured (e.g. ‘to become a more effective team player, as assessed by my team members’). It
is recommended that you include 3-5 objectives in your plan
6. Spedfy actions to achieve each developmental objective (500 words)
For each developmental objective, describe the actions you plan to take in order to achieve them. These actions should be SMART (i.e. specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and linked to a timefra me).
They could be a once-off action (to establish a mentoring relationship with Anne Smith by 30 September, or an ongoing action is (to ask my colleagues for feedback on my leadership behaviours after major projects are delivered)
7. Describe the resources that you will need to implement your plan (300 words)
As you draft your plan, consider the resources you will need to fully implement it. Resources include assistance from key people (e.g. mentors and human resource specialists), time to implement actions, funds
(e.g. to pay for specialist training or a coach) and guidance materials such as books
8. Describe the mechanisms you will use to get feedback on your (200 words)
leadership behaviours and track your progress
Such mechanisms may include: discussions with mentors or feedback from peers
9. Describe your strategy to review and revise your plan in future (200 words)
Your plan will need to be reviewed and updated in future. Describe how and when you will do this. Annual reviews are typical. You may wish to link this review process to an existing one. For example, if you
currently have a professional development plan that is regularly reviewed as part of your organisation’s human resource management system, you could link your leadership development plan to this system.
10. Discuss your plan with your supervisor/mentor. What recommendations were made? What revisions did you make? (300 words)
Check your draft plan and then finalise it.
You can use tables to present a part of your plan for example points 5, 6 & 7 above.
There are no prescribed number of references required for this assessment. Acknowledge sources that you use to help you with your leadership plan. You will need to acknowledge your text book and perhaps a few readings.
Online submission via Tumitin is required for this assignment. Details will be provided by your subject lecturer.

Assessment 2: Research report Assessment Type: Critical analysis of destination image Word Limit: 1,600 words

Assessment 2: Research report
Assessment Type: Critical analysis of destination image
Word Limit: 1,600 words
Due date: Week 8 before Friday at 11pm
Destinations attract visitors based on their reputations and perceived images. These are managed by destination marketing campaigns distributed through various media such as television, online and print advertisements, product placement and film locations. They may also emerge organically from news reports, travel writers and word of mouth testimonials from returned visitors. Sometimes, these managed and organic destination images may vary in accuracy as representations of destination identities.
In this assessment, you are required to select a tourism destination for analysis. This could be a country, region or city.
Using a range of media resources (books, brochures, advertisements, movies, online videos and writings), create a written profile of your chosen destination by comparing its destination image as represented by at least four (4) different resources.
Based on this profile, determine the target audience of your chosen destination. Making reasoned inferences based on the destination profile you have created, and describe the demographic, economic, lifestyle profile of the destination’s target audience.
This research report should comprise three parts:
1. a) Provide a brief overview to the chosen destination (minimally, you should describe its geographic location, accessibility, population).
2. b) A destination profile based on information gathered from a range of resources.
3. c) An inferred visitor target audience based on the destination profile.
You should make use of your own research on a variety of media and resources to inform this research report.

HA1011 Unit Title Applied Quantitative Methods Assessment

Unit Title Applied Quantitative Methods
Assessment Type Group Assignment
Assessment Title Group Assignment – Applied Quantitative Methods
Weight 20% of the total assessments
Total Marks 20%
Due Date Week 10
Submission Guidelines • All work must be submitted on Blackboard by the due date along with a completed Assignment Cover Page.
• The assignment must be in MS Word format, 1.5 spacing, 11-pt Calibri (Body) font and 2 cm margins on all four sides of your page with appropriate section headings.
• Reference sources must be cited in the text of the report, and listed appropriately at the end in a reference list using Harvard or IEEE referencing style.
Dr Mahmoud Bakkar , 2018
Assignment 2 Specification
Please attempt all the questions (8×2.5 = 20 Marks)
Question 1 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 1 (Summary Statistics and Graphs)
Data were collected on the prices of parts at each shelf in auto parts showroom in Melbourne. The prices of parts at each shelf, are given below.
50 60 100 120 300 250 400 320 630 200 120 130
60 30 20 10 100 120 139 140 530 450 400 420
550 230 53 120 140 170 180 170 150 190 130 200
100 120 130 140 430 200 200 300 250 140 140 150
160 140 190 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310
a. Construct a frequency distribution using 10 classes, stating the Frequency, Relative Frequency,
Cumulative Relative Frequency and Class Midpoint
b. Using (a), construct a histogram. (You can draw it neatly by hand or use Excel)
c. Based upon the raw data (NOT the Frequency Distribution), what is the mean, median and mode?
(Hint – first sort your data. This is usually much easier using Excel.)
Question 2 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 2 (Measures of Variability and Association)
You are the manager of a baggage’s showroom in the Airport. You are wondering if there is a relation between the number of flights at the airport each day, and the number of baggage’s sold. That is, do you sell more baggage’s when there are a lot flights, and less when the airport is quiet? If there is a relationship, you might want to keep more baggage’s in stock when airport is busy over the upcoming holiday. With the help of the old airport flights schedule, you have compiled the following list covering 7 weeks:
Number of flights at the airport Number of baggage’s sold
30 30
20 35
25 33
27 35
32 43
33 40
34 37
a. Is above a population or a sample? Explain the difference.
b. Calculate the standard deviation of the number of flights at the airport. Show your workings. (Hint
– remember to use the correct formula based upon your answer in (a).)
c. Calculate the Inter Quartile Range (IQR) of the number of baggage’s sold. When is the IQR more useful than the standard deviation? (Give an example based upon number of number of baggage’s sold.)
d. Calculate the correlation coefficient. Using the problem, we started with, interpret the correlation coefficient. (Hint – you are the showroom manager. What does the correlation coefficient tell you? What would you do based upon this information?)
Question 3 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 3 (Linear Regression)
(We are using the same data set we used in Question 2)
You are the manager of a baggage’s showroom in the Airport. You are wondering if there is a relation between the number of flights at the airport each day, and the number of baggage’s sold. That is, do you sell more baggage’s when there are a lot flights, and less when the airport is quiet? If there is a relationship, you might want to keep more baggage’s in stock when airport is busy over the upcoming holiday. With the help of the old airport flights schedule, you have compiled the following list covering 7 weeks:
Number of flights at the airport Number of baggage’s sold
30 30
20 35
25 33
27 35
32 43
33 40
34 37
a. Calculate AND interpret the Regression Equation. You are welcome to use Excel to check your calculations, but you must first do them by hand. Show your workings.
(Hint 1 – As manager, which variable do you think is the one that affects the other variable? In other words, which one is independent, and which variable’s value is dependent on the other variable? The independent variable is always x.
Hint 2 – When you interpret the equation, give specific examples. What happens when there is a holiday? What happens when 10 extra flights arrived?)
b. Calculate AND interpret the Coefficient of Determination.
Question 4 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 4 (Probability)
You are the leader of a cricket team. Some of your players are recruited in-house (that is, from your club members) and some are from other clubs. You have 2 coaches. One believes in scientific training in computerised gyms, and the other in “grassroots” training such as practising at the local park with the neighbourhood kids or swimming and surfing at Main Beach for 2 hours in the mornings for fitness. The table below was compiled:
Scientific training Grassroots training
Recruited from club members 40
External recruitment 50
Tasks (show all your workings):
a. What is the probability that a randomly chosen player will be from your club members OR receiving Grassroots training?
b. What is the probability that a randomly selected player will be External AND be in scientific training?
c. Given that a player is from club members, what is the probability that he is in scientific training?
d. Is training independent from recruitment? Show your calculations and then explain in your own words what it means.
Question 5 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 5 (Bayes’ Rule)
An electronic company is considering launching one of 3 new products: TV, Radio or LCD screens, for its existing market. Prior market research suggest that this market is made up of 4 consumer segments: segment A, representing 60% of consumers, is primarily interested in the functionality of products; segment B, representing 20% of consumers, is extremely price sensitive; and segment C representing 10% of consumers is primarily interested in the appearance and style of products. The final 10% of the customers (segment D) are after services conscious.
To be more certain about which product to launch and how it will be received by each segment, market research is conducted. It reveals the following new information.
• The probability that a person from segment A prefers TV is 30%
• The probability that a person from segment B prefers TV is 40%
• The probability that a person from segment C prefers TV is 50%
– The company would like to know the probably that a consumer comes from segment A if it is known that this consumer prefers TV over Radio.
Question 6 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 6
A festival sells 2 million tickets at 2$ each. Let the random variable X denote the amount won for a ticket that is purchased. Shown below is the distribution of x. compute the mean and standard deviation of the amount won per ticket. Interpret the mean value. What is the expected profit from the festival?
Distribution of festival winnings
Prize (x) Probability P(x)
1000$ 0.00004
100 0.00070
20 0.00530
10 0.00711
4 0.02003
2 0.09180
1 0.12350
0 0.76417
Question 7 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 7
The average speed of passenger trains travelling from Kyoto to Tokyo have been found to be normally distributed with a mean of 250 km per hour and a standard deviation of 30 km per hour.
a. What is the probability that a train will average less than 200 km per hour?
b. What is the probability that a train will average more than 300 km per hour?
c. What is the probability that a train will average between 210 and 280 km per hour?
Question 8 of 8
HINT: We cover this in Lecture 8
Having used people-counting devices at the entry to shopping centre, it is known that the average number of shoppers visiting this centre during any one-hour period is 448 shoppers, with a standard deviation of 21 shoppers. What is the probability that a random sample of 49 different one-hour shopping periods will yield a sample mean between 441 and 446 shoppers?

HC2121 Comparative Business Ethics and Social Responsibility Assessment

HC2121 Comparative Business Ethics and
Social Responsibility
Assessment: Individual Essay T2 2018 35 MARKS
DUE DATE: Week 10 (28 September 2018) – Regular & Block Mode
Choose a recent news/media article that has been published within the last 3 months that concerns a business ethics issue/s and answer the following questions using an essay style format:
Criteria Possible Mark
1. Provide a short introduction and conclusion /5
2. Outline and summarize the arguments made in the article including relevant background/history and consider any legal or sanction implications.
3. Discuss the key ethical issue/s/ concerns raised in the article (this can include: corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, corporate citizenship, leadership etc.
4. In your opinion has/have the most appropriate ethical decisions been made? If so why? If not why not? Provide examples of other ethical cases to support your answer. (If a legal and or sanction imposed, was this (in own opinion) reasonable?
Why/Why not? /5
5. Outline your ethical decisionmaking processes aligning your opinion/decision by identifying the most relevant of the seven moral philosophies outlined in the class text book (Chapter 6: Pages 157177) to support your answer /5
6. Writing (spelling and grammar), formatting, referencing /5
7. You must include a copy of the article as an Appendix. If this is not attached you will lose 5 marks.
(refer instructions – next page)
Total Mark /35
Instructions and Learning Outcomes:
1. Introduction and conclusion
• Your introduction should be a short summary of the article and your plan for answering the questions.
• Your conclusion should be a concise statement that is consistent with your introduction
2. The outline and summary should show that you understand issues raised from an ethical Perspective Outline/summary of arguments demonstrates clear understanding of relevance to ethics not just personal ethics and legal ramifications (if applicable)
3. Demonstrate own decision making/judgement processes in relation to the ethical issue demonstrating of how individual ethical judgements are made and how they may vary.
4. Provide an outline of relevant ethical moral philosophies demonstrates an understanding of the ethical moral philosophies discussed in class and can apply philosophy to actions/consequences.
5. Use of academic writing and referencing including attention to spelling, grammar and punctuation. Adherence to the Harvard style guide as listed in the Holmes academic course guide must be used (both in text and reference list).

Strategic Marketing & Operations Management

Strategic Marketing & Operations Management What are the problems facing SG in 2010? Scientific Glass is a provider of specialized glass equipment to a variety of organizations which include research laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, and testing facilities.
The company faced inventory management problems in 2010 and it is these problems that are the focus of this write-up. As of January 2010, SG noted a substantial increase in the level of inventories (Wheelwright & Schmidt, 2011).
The implications were that the company noted increased levels of tied-up capital. The debt to capital ratio rose beyond the target level of 40% meaning that the organization could not use the capital in other areas.
Further, the company’s borrowing capacity was weakening and as a result the corporation could not meet the capital requirements for planned expansion. The high inventory levels also came with high holding costs, the shipping costs were plummeting, and the competitive pressures were accelerating.
The inventory management problems transcended into the warehousing processes with increased inventory levels leading to documentation complexities, errors, and carrying costs. The problems required the organization to hire a new manager for inventory planning and it was for this reason hat Ava Beane was hired.
How do SG’s problems illustrate the relationship between the number of warehouses and inventory levels? Scientific Glass operated 3,000 standardized products and
a high number of custom glassblowing services (Wheelwright & Schmidt, 2011). 88%
a high number of custom glassblowing services (Wheelwright & Schmidt, 2011).
The products were handled in different warehouses and tracking the inventories under each category became a difficult task. In the many warehouses operated by the organization, the levels of inventory may have appeared as low but when aggregated, the inventories resulted in mammoth amounts of inventory.
The many warehouses came with high fixed costs whose allocation to the inventories resulted in high handling costs. Inventory tracking was complex considering there were many errors in recording and the optimization of the inventory recording system is considerably difficult.
Additionally, the many warehouses complicate the inventory distribution mechanism especially with the concerns of the location of some inventories in relation to the demand of the same in some regions. In other words, some inventories were considerably higher in regions where the demand was low and low where the demand was high hence resulting in distribution problems (Rushton, Croucher & Baker, 2014).
Generally, a high number of warehouses is closely related to high levels of inventories even though the inventories for each warehouse may appear to be considerably low. Secondly, there exists a positive relationship between inventory carrying costs and the number of warehouses and thirdly, the distribution problems increase with the number or warehouses (Axsäter, Howard & Marklund, 2013).
How would you evaluate the alternatives that are available to SG in terms of the options being able to solve SG’s problems? Scientific Glass is considering solutions at three levels. In the first level, the organization considers improving the customer service levels above the industry average levels. At the time of consideration, the customer service levels stood at 92%. Scientific Glass must ensure that the service levels are improved above the 93% level at which it currently operates. This will be achieved by differentiating and having the highest possible service level at 99% (Wheelwright & Schmidt, 2011).
The second action towards solving the inventory crisis at Scientific Glass is the improvement of the customer responsiveness of the company firstly by reducing the amount of time between the receiving of an order and the time for the delivery of the product. Improvement of the customer responsiveness works hand in hand with customer satisfaction. Having a direct sales force in the United States and Canada would help in improving its position in the organization, improve customer responsiveness, and deal with the competition. Additionally, this would also help in faster movement of the inventories and reduce the inventory levels. The same case applies to the use of distribution sales representatives in Europe and Asia Pacific.
The decision under consideration involves the expansion of the warehousing capacity by adding 6 leased warehouses to the current two warehouses owned by the organization. The first is located at Waltham and the next in Arizona. The general consideration of this alternative indicates that having 8 warehouses is not a satisfying solution because evidence showed minimal result for the expansion option. The decision will be assessed further in the following sections.
Under the third category is the consideration of the inventory management and control options. Scientific Glass’ solution includes the need to improve the warehousing processes. The solution will be accomplished by the improvement of order fulfillment times, reduction of the customer returns, reduction of the number of times in which the sales team requires to be involved in tracking delayed customer orders, and increase the inventory turns. The warehousing process must be improved through policy changes in recording, documenting, and performing physical audits of the entire inventory periodically or perpetually. It must also involve the elimination of trunk costs.
On the choice of the number of warehouses, there is he consideration of the whether to have one centralized warehouse, two centralized warehouses, or 8 warehouses. The decision requires the following computation of inventory level and economic order quantity for determination.
Griffin 500ml Erlenmeyer 500ml lbs/case units/case lbs/unit 0.75 3 order cost per unit 6 12 0.125 0.25 0.05 0.1 Griffin 500ml Erlenmeyer 500ml 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse
Annual Demand 11268 11268 11268 3389 3389 3389 Weekly Demand 27.1 108.35 216.7 7.15 32.6 65.2 Unit Cost 3.96 3.96 3.96 4.56 4.56 4.56 Holding Cost 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.64 0.64 0.64
Ordering Cost 1.36 5.42 10.84 0.82 3.26 6.52 Griffin 500ml Erlenmeyer 500ml 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse EOQ 234.7 469.3 663.7 93 186 263.1
Inventory 117.3 234.6 331.8 46.5 93 131.6 Carrying Cost 65.06 130.08 183.96 29.69 59.38 83.98 Orders 48 24 17 36.4 18.2 12.9 Ordering Cost 65.06 130.08 183.96 29.69 59.38 83.98 Total Cost 130.11 260.17 367.93 59.38 118.77 167.97
Griffin 500ml Erlenmeyer 500ml 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse Annual Inventory Carrying Cost 624.39 312.19 220.75 35.62 71.25 100.76 Annual Inventory Ordering Cost 624.39 312.19 220.75 35.62 71.25 100.76
Total Annual Cost 1248.77 624.39 441.51 569.98 284.99 201.52 Griffin 500ml Erlenmeyer 500ml 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse Average biweekly demand 54.2 216.7 433.4 16.3 65.2 130.3
Standard deviation 21.4 38.3 51 10.9 19.5 26 Desired service level 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% Reorder Cycle W W W W W W Lead time 5 5 5 5 5 5
Working days per year 365 365 365 365 365 365 Reorder point 19.4 77.4 154.8 5.8 23.3 46.5 z value (99% service level) 2.33 2.33 2.33 2.33 2.33 2.33 demand during lead time of 5 days 19.4 77.4 154.8 5.8 23.3 46.5
standard deviation during lead time 7.6 13.7 18.2 3.9 7 9.3 safety stock 17.8 31.9 42.4 9.1 16.2 21.6 Reorder point with safety stock 37.2 109.3 197.2 14.9 39.5 68.2 Griffin 500ml Erlenmeyer 500ml
8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse 8 Warehouses 2 Warehouses 1 Warehouse Demand during lead time of 5 days 1238.9 309.6 154.8 372.6 93.1 46.5 Standard deviation during lead time 61.1 27.4 18.2 31.1 13.9 9.3
safety stock 142.5 63.7 42.4 72.6 32.5 21.6 Reorder point with safety stock 297.3 218.5 197.2 119.1 79 68.2 What specific actions would you recommend to management? Considering the computation above, the case recommends the recentralization of the warehouse in North America. Having a single warehouse leads to higher shipment costs for the company (Bookbinder & Locke, 2013). However, the overall inventory management costs (total costs) are reduced considerably. The overall level of safety stock is also reduced considerably under the centralized warehouse model and at the same time, the standard deviation of demand is reduced considerably by pooling the inventory handling (Liang, Sethi, Shi & Zhang, 2014). This decision is also supported by the fact that the centralized warehouse enables the company to easily record and track inventory hence better inventory management and control practices.

Political Science: UN Speech

Political Science: UN Speech Ladies and gentlemen, as a representative of Saudi Arabia, I stand before you today to announce my support for creation and recognition of Palestine as a full member State of the United Nations (UN). We support Palestinians as they share a similar cultural background. Thus, I believe UN must represent the will of the people by openly expressing support for Palestinians.
Palestinians have been experiencing wars and conflicts for decades. They have adversely affected talks seeking to identify measures to undertake to end the conflict. I therefore believe we have to discuss the need to create Palestine as an independent State as a possibility resolution to the issue. I believe this proposal has the potential of bringing peace and stability in the region. It raises attention to the issue facing Palestine prompting council members to discuss the need to create an independent Palestinian State. It is however crucial that we carefully consider the current troubling events of our time before making a decision. I have documented some of the events below as they have led Saudi Arabia to be concerned about its survival and security.
Foremost, Palestinians witnessed a factory in a city located fifty kilometers from Tehran explode in December 16th 2016 killing people. This led Rohani to blame Israel for the explosion through a press conference released in December 18th 2016. Saudi Arabia is therefore concerned about peace and stability in the Middle East. As the government, we understand that Israel and Palestine have to respect the will of the people if they wish to maintain peace and prevent conflicts from escalating in the region.
In December 26th, the civil war was still ongoing in Syria. Despite the casualties exceeding five hundred thousand, the Syrian army did not hesitate to move towards Israel borders as it is alert. This however did not hinder Hizballah to launch five missiles on Israel towns located in the north. Hamas also launched seven Grad missiles. Two days later, Egypt requested United States and Europe to intervene and stop Israel through inspection of its nuclear sites. This led John Kerry to arrive for an emergency meeting visit in Cairo and Jerusalem with Netanyahu. Netanyahu denied Israel the right to accept nuclear and strategic weapons from Iran and Syria respectively destined to Hizballah in Lebanon.
On January 6th 2017, Mahmud Abbas gave a speech in Ramallah declaring that lack of vote at the Security Council will force him to retire and dismantle the presidents PA. Nine days later, May, Merkel, and Hollande met in Berlin to coordinate positions. Reports however suggested there were disagreements among them to abstain in the final vote. This led Pakistan and China to upgrade the Palestinian representation in their individual States to levels of embassies. One week later, the Security Council called all states in the region to act responsibly through an emergency meeting allowing them to present their positions. This however led the final vote to be postponed until February 2017.
I acknowledge a peaceful resolution to the Israel-Palestinian conflict should be a goal we should achieve. I call for support in creating the two-state solution by pursuing negotiations in good faith including United States as a superpower. I would like to encourage President Obama to acknowledge Middle East needs to find a lasting resolution benefitting all UN member States. Thus, he should use his remaining days in office to bring all parties to the negotiating table to develop a resolution to the existing conflict.
In conclusion ladies and gentlemen, we should acknowledge it is our responsibility to offer negotiated resolutions resolving the problem and preventing war. Thus, I pledge a contribution of $300 billion as prove of Saudi Arabia’s commitment in creation of a Palestinian State that can maintain normal relations with Israel. I also recommend all members to support a return to 1967 borders to bring an end to the conflict.

Leadership Theory HOMEWORK

Leadership Theory Fill out the sections below with your selected leadership theories (Behavior, Situational, Contemporary Substitutes, Trait theories ) Leadership Theory #1: Behavior Theory Explanation: This theory proposes the need for a good leader to have a strong personality and general self confidence as how a leader behaves influences the success of their leadership. Unlike the trait theory, it prioritizes the need for admirable behavior over physical and social characteristics (Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009). This is a traditional theory that arose in the 1940s – 1950s, which allowed for people with the right conditioning rather than only the right traits to be leaders.
Example of use in the real-world: Behavior leadership is evidident in the case of priests who influence their followers to be generous with the needy by acting compassionately towards the needy themselves. A manager who motivates his employees to arrive early by scolding them when they arrive late illustrates the behavior theory of leadership.
Leadership Theory #2: Situational Theory Explanation: This theory suggests that there are different characteristics of leadership that match the different situations; therefore, no one leader is optimally suited to face every situation as they cannot possess all the necessary characteristics. This theory is also referred to as contingency theory as it is often the consequence of a different but relevant occurrence. Effective leadership is supposedly contigent on factors other than the individual leader. This theory somewhat extends the trait theory (Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009).
Example of use in the real-world: In the case of a medical situation, medical professions such as doctors in the vicinity are given temporary leadership positions as they are best-suited to deal with such a situation.
Leadership Theory #3: Contemporary Theories Explanation: They include transformational and transactional leadership. Transformational leadership suggests that the interpersonal skills of leaders can lead to increased motivation of follows. In transactional leadership, a reward or punishment is used as a tool for motivating followers (Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009).
Example of use in the real-world: A manager who offers a pay rise for the best perfoming employee is a transactional leader. Transformational leadership can be evidenced by an individual who encourages people to contribute to his charity to help the poor.
Leadership Theory #4: Substitutes for Leadership Theory Explanation: This theory suggests that situational factors either promote, neutralize, or substitute for leader behaviors. Substitutes refer to the variables that could reduce reliance of followers on a leader or ultimately render such leadership unnecessary. Examples of substitutes constitute the characteristics of the organization, the followers, and the tasks(Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009). Measurement criteria such as the Likert scale can be used to determine leadership substitutes.
Example of use in the real-world: Autonomous work groups are good examples of substitutes for leadership as evidenced in numerous contemporary technology companies that advocate for horizontal rather than vertical organization management systems.
Leadership Theory #5: Trait Theory Explanation: According to this theory, the traits that an individual possesses, such as intelligence will cause them to arise as leaders in particular situations or in undertaking particular tasks. Therefore a person who is either born or has learned particular qualities is in the best position to become a leader. This theory focuses on the physical, social, and mental characteristics that leaders possess (Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009)..
Example of use in the real-world: In determining the leader of a scientific project at an organization traits such as the level of intelligence and ingenuity are considered. Traits are also relevant in selecting actors and musicians for lead roles in plays and films as well as in selecting politicians.

Child Psychology ASSIGNMENT

Child Psychology Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is defined by the inability to pay attention, increased activity, as well as the manifestation of improper behavior, which is not suited for the age of the child. The condition can be managed. Often, the children suffering from it manifest the behavior at the age of 6 years. The behavior leads to poor performance.
Psychodynamic psychology focuses on the changes that occur in adults and children. The theoretical areas covered by the approach include social, emotional, social, biological and cognitive (Shedler, 2012). These changes occur mainly in the childhood stages. The approach focuses on normative development, which is a cumulative approach to development and plasticity. Children suffering from ADHD can be placed in a different environment in order for the psychologists to create plasticity (Conway, 2015).
Cognitive behavioral approach to psychology empathizes on the problems manifested by the condition as opposed to the underlying causes of the condition (Torrente et al., 2014). This is an opposite treatment approach to the psychoanalysis approach which tends to focuses on the roots of the problem. Psychoanalysis is only ideal in a given set of problems. However, for the neurodegenerative disorders, cognitive behavioral therapy is ideal since it treats the problems and aims at treating the dysfunctional behaviors (Van Hulst, De Zeeuw & Durston, 2015),. Therefore, the children are encouraged to change their distorted cognitions.
Humanistic approach to psychology rejects the concept of determinism and is more concerned with the positive growth as opposed to pathology (Waterman, 2013). Therefore, it argues that one can be changed depending on the ability of the therapist to create positive growth. Instead of assigning limited definition of capabilities, the theory calls for an objective observation of the behavior (Pascual-Leone, Paivio, & Harrington, 2016). The approach will most likely use the individualized approach to healthy growth when dealing with the condition.
The family systems approach identifies Individuals as part of complex systems seeking homeostasis (Sibley et al., 2013). The approach can be applied to the case through the identification of the individual roles in the solving of the case (Lee et al., 2013). The perception is that each member of the family is connected to the other. When treating ADHD, the systems theory can be applied in the creation of a stable working environment.